The Liberal government presented the 2019 budget, yesterday. In it, they made two positive changes to the Registered Disability Savings Plan (RDSP).
To open an RDSP account, you must qualify for the Disability Tax Credit (DTC). Once you have that, you can open an RDSP. But to keep your RDSP, you also have to maintain your DTC status. If you lose your DTC status and you don’t get it back, your RDSP account can be forcibly shut down.
The changes in the Federal Budget put an end to that.
Approval for the Disability Tax Credit is not permanent. Many approvals expire after five or 10 years. If your attempts to renew prove unsuccessful, you are forced to shut down your RDSP account, eventually. Unless you provide the financial institution a note from your doctor, stating you will likely be approved for the DTC in the future, your RDSP must be shut down two years after losing your DTC status. A doctor’s note extends that period.
Applying for the DTC is stressful. Re-applying for it is stressful as well. Simply because you were approved for the DTC in the past, doesn’t mean the government will continue approving it in the future. Just ask people with autism and their families.
If you are forced to shut down your RDSP account, all the government contributions received in the previous ten years are returned to the government, which could be tens of thousands of dollars. After that, the remaining amount is paid out to the beneficiary of the account (the person with the disability).
The change in the federal budget puts an end to these concerns. If you lose the DTC, you can keep your RDSP account. You will not be forced to shut down your account. You will also keep all the government contributions received in the past.
This change does not mean you can access the money in the RDSP without penalty, though. The withdrawal rules still apply. Premature withdrawals could result in returning as much as three dollars to the government for every dollar withdrawn.
You will be allowed to keep your account, but, as long as you do not have the DTC, you would not be allowed to make contributions to your account and the government would not make any contributions to your RDSP account. If you eventually regain your DTC status, you can resume contributions and the government would do the same.
The other change to the RDSP helps protect against creditors accessing assets in an RDSP.
“Unlike RRSPs, amounts held in RDSPs are not exempt from seizure by creditors in bankruptcy. To level the playing field, Budget 2019 also proposes to exempt RDSPs from seizure in bankruptcy, with the exception of contributions made in the 12 months before the filing.”
Except for contributions made in the previous 12 months, the assets in an RDSP would be protected from creditors.
A disproportionate number of people with disabilities and their families deal with financial hardship. On average they earn less, yet face additional expenses related to disability. Protecting RDSP assets from the hands of creditors will help.
Thank you first of all for the invaluable advice you continue to provide Ron.
I just have a question regarding my DTC renewal and the RDSP – if I am not able to renew my disability tax credit, how long would I have to wait before I can withdraw money from my RDSP?
Thank you Ron and look forward to more advice in the future!
If you are not able to renew your Disability Tax Credit, the RDSP withdrawal rules still apply. You would have to wait 10 calendar years from the last contribution you received from the government. Example: If you received a Grant or Bond contribution from the government in 2016, but your Disability Tax Credit expired at the end of 2016, you would have to wait until January 1, 2027 before you could withdraw any money without penalty.
Just keep in mind, if the government has rejected your attempts to renew the Disability Tax Credit so far, that does not mean you can’t try again in the future. If the effects of your disability on your activities of daily living increase, you may be able to qualify for the DTC as that point.
If you do secure the DTC later down the road, you could start contributing to your RDSP account again and receive government contributions once again. While this would extend the timeline to make withdrawals without penalty, the benefits of the government contributions is worth it.